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History of Women in War
Women have been used in war all throughout history. Whether they carry a gun or bear a mans desire for them. Either of which are just as deadly. Their looks and beauty have been one of the most powerful weapons and with that, women have been used in wars forever, in every possible scenario.
Below we've listed four historically important women who were involved in wars of one kind or another.
Helen of Sparta
David and BathshebaCirca 1005-965 B.C. - David, while walking on the roof of his palace, saw Bathsheba, who was then the wife of Uriah, bathing. He desired her and later got her pregnant. In an effort to conceal his sin, David summoned Uriah from the army in the hope that Uriah would re-consummate his marriage and think that the child was his. After repeated efforts to convince Uriah to have sex with Bathsheba, the king gave the order to his general, Joab, that Uriah should be placed in the front lines of the battle, where it was the most dangerous, and left to the hands of the enemy. (Source)
Boudica60 AD - Boudica's husband Prasutagus, left his kingdom jointly to his daughters and the Roman Emperor in his will. When he died, his will was ignored and the kingdom was annexed as if conquered. Boudica was flogged, her daughters were raped, and Roman financiers called in their loans. Boudica led the Iceni people, along with the Trinovantes and others, in revolt. (Source)
Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn1527 AD - A religious war was triggered when Henry VIII’s wife, Catherine of Aragon, could not give him a baby boy and he left her for Anne Boleyn. All of England blamed Anne for the Church separations. (Source)
Women in WW2
Below we've listed some of the ways women were used in World War II.
Women involved in War - Timeline
1942 - Congress approves the bill to create the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps.
1944 - More than 5,000 women serve in the Southwest Pacific region from 1944 - 1955.
1963 - Women began weapon training.
1965 - The first WAC officers are assigned to HQ, US Army, Vietnam.
1970 - President Nixon selects two women for promotion to brigadier general.
1973 - Army Chief of Staff approves Army flight training for WAC officers - both helicopter and fixed wing aircraft.
1974 - Sergeant Major Mildred C. Kelly is appointed Command Sergeant Major at HQ U.S. Army Proving Ground. She is the first black command sergeant major in the WAC.
1976 - Congress reduces the minimum enlistment age of women to the same as men - age 17 with parental consent, age 18 without consent. Twenty enlisted women enter the US Military Academy
1980 - Women now make up 9.1 percent of the Army.
1981 - The Army Freezes end strength of enlisted women at 65,000 and officers at 7,200.
1990 - Approximately 26, 000 women were deployed to the Persian Gulf.
1994 - Army Chief of Staff orders combined male-female basic training.
2003 - Total percentage of females in the Army is 15.2%, up from 9.8% in 1983.
2005 - Sergeant Leigh Ann Hester, Kentucky Army National Guard becomes the first woman to earn the Silver Star for direct combat action.
2008 - Gen. Ann E. Dunwoody became the first female four-star general in military history
Limitations & The Necessities of War
The military has opened thousands of jobs to women in units that are closer to the front lines than ever before. But the rules still ban women from serving in the “most dangerous” combat jobs:
In the past decade, the necessities of war propelled women into jobs such as:
Female suicide rates in the Iraq war have been less than male suicide rates, undermining the notion that women aren't mentally strong enough for war.